For decades, the agriculture industry has used conventional fertilizers to increase plant yields by replacing soil nutrients and ensuring the soil has the right balance of nutrients. Researchers are now working on a class of fertilizers called nanofertilizers, which have the potential to revolutionalize agriculture. As the name suggests, the development of nanofertilizers leverages nanotechnology to create either synthesized nanofertilizers or modify traditional fertilizers by taking extracts from different reproductive or vegetative parts of the plant.
Nanofertilizers can be quite effective at suffusing the soil with nutrients and increasing fertility, plant yields and raising the overall quality of agricultural outputs. Including rock phosphate nanoparticles in nanofertilizer formulas may also increase phosphorous availability for the plants by limiting phosphorous fixation in the soil.
Nanofertilizers are especially beneficial for plant development as the small size of the particles provides a much higher surface area for the facilitation of plant metabolic processes. Their super small size, usually less than 100 micromillimeters in size, coupled with their large surface area also makes nanoparticles highly reactive with other compounds.
Furthermore, nanofertilizers are extremely soluble in various solvents, which when combined with their small size and large surface area, means they see higher levels of plant penetration when applied to the surface.
Several studies have found that nanofertilizers are great at improving plant growth, yield and the overall quality of harvested crops. As a result, plants cultivated using nanofertilizers results in higher quality food products for consumption by both humans and animals.
The increased plant yields are due to faster and more robust plant growth as well as increased metabolic processes such as photosynthesis. This causes higher photosynthetic accumulation in the plant and more efficient transportation of valuable resources to the parts of the plant that need them the most. Increases in yield are especially high when nanofertilizers are applied to the leaves instead of the soil from whence the plants are growing.
Since they have a significantly larger surface area due to the minute size of the nanoparticles, nanofertilizers can enhance metabolic processes in the plants and increase their oil, protein and sugar content. For starters, applying nanofertilizers with iron and zinc can up the amount of starch, carbohydrate, Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), protein and chlorophyll in your plants.
For farmers cultivating the peanut plant, applying Nano fe2O3 can help increase the rate of photosynthesis and boost plant growth. Many companies, such as Compass Minerals International Inc. (NYSE: CMP), specialize in making plant nutrients of different kinds, so the farming community can choose from what is available and is optimized for different crops.
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