How Ocean Mining Could Play Out

Pandemic recovery packages for some countries have driven the demand for commodities such as lithium, iron ore and copper even higher. With the demand for metals needed for the clean energy transition and electrification increasing, many companies are thinking about venturing into ocean mining, a virtually unexplored market. Research has shown that the sea floor is abundant in various metals, with reserves estimated to be worth more than $16 trillion.

Where is ocean mining expected to occur?

Research has found that the Clarion Clipperton Zone, located between Mexico and Hawaii in the Eastern Pacific Ocean, has the most minerals. About 20 global mining companies have contracts to explore this region, which spans more than 5,000 km.

The majority of the metals found in the region are rock-like, potato-sized polymetallic nodules. The nodules, which are millions of years old, slowly expand around the core of rock, bone or shell to grow or absorb minerals from the sea water.

Estimations show that some 21 billion tons of polymetallic nodules exist, resting on the ocean floor in the Clarion Clipperton Zone. These nodules include some 270 million nickel tons, 94,000 cobalt tons, 226 million copper tons and 6 billion manganese tons.

Ferromanganese crusts, which are rich in cobalt, can be found on the sides of sea mounts and underwater mountain ranges. These crusts are also known to form over millions of years, with about 60% being found in the Pacific.

In addition to this, polymetallic sulfide deposits that are formed after sea water enters volcanic rocks are also found near tectonic plate boundaries on the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean.

So how does seabed mining work?

Plans show that the extraction of metals from the ocean floor is expected to involve either cutting, which is used for crusts and huge sulfides; modified dredging, which will be used for polymetallic nodules; or a transportation mode, which may involve transporting the material to the surface using a basket system or as a slurry.

The material that bears the mineral will then be cleaned and dewatered during processing, before being transported to shore for further processing, where the target metals will be extracted.

Thus far, nearly 30 exploration contracts in the Atlantic Ocean, Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean have been approved by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. The contracts cover 1.3 million km2 of the ocean floor in total.

It is interesting to imagine how the operations of mining companies such as Asia Broadband Inc. (OTC: AABB) would radically evolve if these companies had access to the vast resources currently sitting on the seabed.

NOTE TO INVESTORS: The latest news and updates relating to Asia Broadband Inc. (OTC: AABB) are available in the company’s newsroom at

About MiningNewsWire 

MiningNewsWire (MNW) is a specialized communications platform focused on developments and opportunities in the global resources sector. The company provides (1) access to a network of wire services via NetworkWire to reach all target markets, industries and demographics in the most effective manner possible, (2) article and editorial syndication to 5,000+ news outlets (3), enhanced press release services to ensure maximum impact, (4) social media distribution via the Investor Brand Network (IBN) to nearly 2 million followers, and (5) a full array of corporate communications solutions. As a multifaceted organization with an extensive team of contributing journalists and writers, MNW is uniquely positioned to best serve private and public companies that desire to reach a wide audience of investors, consumers, journalists and the general public. By cutting through the overload of information in today’s market, MNW brings its clients unparalleled visibility, recognition and brand awareness. MNW is where news, content and information converge.

To receive SMS text alerts from MiningNewsWire, text “BigHole” to 21000 (U.S. Mobile Phones Only)

For more information, please visit

Please see full terms of use and disclaimers on the MiningNewsWire website applicable to all content provided by MNW, wherever published or re-published:

Los Angeles, California
310.299.1717 Office

MiningNewsWire is part of the InvestorBrandNetwork.


Select A Month

Contact us: (310) 299-1717